In fact, a new study discovered that children who receive spankings are more likely to be anti-social, aggressive and suffer from mental health and cognitive difficulties.
The study by the University of Texas and the University of Michigan finds the more a child gets spanked — defined by an open hand on the backside — the more likely they were to defy their parents. Their study, published in the Journal of Family Psychology, analyzed five decades of spanking research representing around 160,000 children, according to the news site Mic.com, a website geared towards millennials.
“Our analysis focuses on what most Americans would recognize as spanking and not on potentially abusive behaviors,” says Elizabeth Gershoff, an associate professor of human development and family sciences at The University of Texas at Austin.
“We found that spanking was associated with unintended detrimental outcomes and was not associated with more immediate or long-term compliance, which are parents’ intended outcomes when they discipline their children.”.
“We as a society think of spanking and physical abuse as distinct behaviors,” Gershoff said. “Yet our research shows that spanking is linked with the same negative child outcomes as abuse, just to a slightly lesser degree.”
Spanking of children is still a popular mode of discipline in households. A 2013 poll found that 81% of Americans “say parents spanking their children is sometimes appropriate,” according to NBC News.
“We hope that our study can help educate parents about the potential harms of spanking and prompt them to try positive and non-punitive forms of discipline,” Gershoff said.
The mental health day used to be known as playing hooky from work, but more employees are realizing that at times it is necessary to take a day and recalibrate. Think of it as stepping off the gas pedal as your car’s RPMs threaten to overheat and blow the engine.
Still, how does one decide when it’s time to take that day and when to simply power through?
Amy Morin is a psychotherapist and author of the international bestselling book, 13 Things Mentally Strong People Don’t Do. On Forbes’ website, she helps employees navigate this new area.
She suggests treating mental health like physical health. For instance, if you caught a cold, you might decide to tough it out at work. But if you had the flu, it’s best to stay home for not only are you incapable of doing your job you may infect your co-workers.
And trust me, crazy is just as infectious as H2N2 virus.
“As a psychotherapist, I’ve helped many people determine whether they were mentally healthy enough to do their job,” Morin writes. “And much of it depends on the mental health issue you’re grappling with and what kind of work you do.”
For instance, if you drive a bus and are having trouble concentrating because of depression that is a bit more concerning than driving your laptop in your cubicle.
So here are Morin’s suggestions:
When you’re distracted by something you need to address. If you’re behind on your bills and taking a day off to tackle your budget could help you feel as though you’re back in control, it may make sense to take a day to address it so you can reduce your anxiety.
When you’ve been neglecting yourself. Just like electronic devices need recharging, it’s important to take the time to charge your own batteries. A little alone time or an opportunity to practice some self-care can help you perform better.
When you need to attend appointments to care for your mental health. Whether you need to see your doctor get your medication adjusted or you need to schedule an appointment with your therapist, taking a day off to address your mental health needs is instrumental in helping you be at your best.
Morin notes that only 17 percent of the U.S. population is functioning at optimal mental health., according to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.
Employers would be wise to pay attention to this awful statistic. The Center for Prevention and Health estimates mental illness and substance abuse issues cost employers up to $105 billion annually.
Giving a worker a mental health day now and then actually can save money.
There are medication errors and then there are medication errors that melt your face.
Khaliah Shaw, 26, said in 2014 she went to a doctor because she felt depressed and received a prescription for the anti-seizure medication lamotrigine. The drug is often marketed in the U.S. as Lamictal.
A pending lawsuit by her claims she received the wrong dosage of the medication, 11Alive reports. Sometimes anti-seizure medication is used to treat bipolar illness.
“The goal to spread awareness as much as I can,” Shaw told The Palm Beach Post on Tuesday. “It is difficult being in the spotlight, but I think it is worth it if it means someone is more educated about the medication that they are taking.”
She is not alone. People are suing pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) for aggressively promoting Lamictal without fully disclosing its risk of the drug.
The pharmaceutical giant in July 2012 pleaded guilty to criminal negligent charges and paid $3 billion to resolve allegations of fraud and failure to report product safety data for Lamictal.
For Khaliah, after two weeks of using the medication, blisters broke out all of her body.
(WARNING: Graphic Photo)-Read more below
“I was in excruciating pain. It felt like I was on fire,” the Georgia woman told Atlanta television station 11Alive. “It essentially causes your body to burn from the inside out and you pretty much just melt.”
She was diagnosed with Stevens Johnson Syndrome a rare serious skin disorder that is often caused by an allergic reaction to medication. She went from looking like a young vibrant young woman to something out resembling a burn victim.
“I didn’t have to have people staring at me or wondering why I look different,” she said. “Three years ago, my life changed forever.”
Shaw spent five weeks in a medically induced coma. During that time, her skin melted off.
“They’re telling me this could happen again, and they’re telling me if it did happen again, that it would be worse,” said Shaw.
Shaw’s medical bills have reached more than $3.45 million.
“I never heard of Steven Johnson Syndrome until I was in the hospital with my skin melting off of my body. That’s when I learned what it was,” she told 11Alive. “It’s a lesson she says no one should have to learn. “It’s important to know what’s in your body.”
She wants to get the word out to people to be careful about medications.
Judith Weissman is a research manager in the department of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City and lead researcher of an evaluation of federal health data.
“Mental illness is on the rise. Suicide is on the rise. And access to care for the mentally ill is getting worse,” she said.
About 3.4 percent of the U.S. population — an estimated 8.3 million American adults — suffer from serious psychological distress Previous estimates put the number of Americans suffering from serious psychological distress at 3 percent or less, the researchers said.
Because of the Great Recession, more Americans needing psychological or psychiatric services have gone without.
“The recession seemed to have pushed the mentally ill to a point where they never recovered,” she said. “This is a very disturbing finding because of the implications of what mental illness can do to a person in terms of their ability to function and their life span.”
The study included national health data from a survey conducted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. More than 35,000 households nationwide participate each year.
A lawyer representing the biological family of a teenager in foster care who broadcast her suicide on Facebook live says the tragic death is just the latest evidence that the state’s move to privatize foster care is not working.
WLRN-FM reports the death of 14-year-old Naika Venant in January was the second teen suicide in a Miami Gardens foster care home overseen by the agency Our Kids in the two months. In December, 16-year-old Lauryn Martin hanged herself with a scarf in her room at the Florida Keys Children’s Shelter on Plantation Key.
Howard Talenfeld, a lawyer representing Naika Venant’s biological family, said it is the Department of Children and Families that gives the job to a contractor like Our Kids.
“We’re seeing kids that just aren’t in the right kinds of placements, don’t receive the right kinds of services. In her case, she wasn’t supposed to be anywhere near the internet,” he said in a story published by Health News Florida.
The Department of Children and Families contract out cases with management agencies, such as Our Kids.
“We’re trying to get at the truth. Until we know what the truth is, we couldn’t even begin to try to determine what’s appropriate,” he said
Talenfeld says it’s been 40 days since his firm requested relevant records from DCF and Our Kids, and it hasn’t gotten anything yet.
“We’re hopeful that this kind of information becomes available very soon so that the Florida Legislature can hear more than the fact that ‘this kid was just a kid we couldn’t help,” he said.
Representatives of DCF and Our Kids did not respond immediately to requests for comment, WLRN reported.
Venant was a survivor of physical and sexual abuse, bouncing in and out of state care since 2009 – 10 just since April of last year until her death She hanged herself from a shower stall while about 1,000 people watched on Facebook, many of them taunting her, according to the Miami Herald.
At a news conference in January, Naika’s mother, Gina Alexis, said: “I am sick and devastated. I have trusted Florida foster care people to care for my baby. Instead, she kills herself on Facebook.
A psychiatrist writing in the New York Times today is taking on the trend of using the hallucinogen drug LSD to combat depression, saying it is untested and possibly dangerous.
Who knew taking acid might be dangerous? Anybody who ever had a bad trip, possibly.
Richard A. Friedman is a professor of clinical psychiatry and the director of the psychopharmacology clinic at the Weill Cornell Medical College.
He is empathetic that for the third of patients with major depression who get no relief from pharmaceuticals that hallucinogenics may offer some hope. A recent psilocybin study claims that the mushroom-derived hallucinogenic relieves anxiety and depression.
Then there are the anecdotal reports about microdoses of LSD, as well a book on the subject.
Friedman says LSD is an unregulated drug in which users can’t be sure what they are even taking.
He says it is also too early to say that taking these drugs are not habit-forming, as proponents suggest. And studies of hallucinogenics have shown they can be debilitating behaviorally with bad trips or flashbacks in recreational users, Friedman points out.
Though Friedman doesn’t address it in his column, there is also hallucinogen persisting perception disorder that can affect users of LSD, MDMA, mushrooms and mescaline. One sufferer said he had been hallucinating that all trees sported human faces for two decades after one potent LSD trip.
“The bottom line is that we don’t know how safe or effective psychedelics are because most of the data have been anecdotal or from small trials,” Friedman writes.
State universities are overrun with students seeking mental health counseling, unable to meet the growing demand.
As a result, according to a Tampa Bay Times story, students struggling with depression or other mental illness must wait for weeks, even a month, before being seen.
Ten of Florida’s 12 state universities fail to meet recommended staffing levels for counselors, the newspaper reported. Student counseling clients have jumped nearly 50 percent in a six-year period.
Ten of Florida’s 12 state universities fail to meet recommended staffing levels for counselors.
In Florida, over a six-year period, student counseling clients have jumped nearly 50 percent.
The Florida Legislature rejected a request to provide more mental health money for universities. This year the state university system is asking for $14.5 million to hire 137 new staffers for counseling centers.
University of South Florida psychology professor Jonathan Rottenberg told the newspaper that if nothing is done “we’re going to have something of a lost generation.”
“We know that the number of counselors we need per student is way off at every university,” Norman Tripp, a member of the state’s higher education board and a leader of the charge told the Times.
“We know for a fact that students who need immediate service are told that they have to come back three or four weeks later. We know that when they should be providing a one-hour service, they’re getting a half hour.”
The college years are notorious for mental health issues as students for the first time face a new environment and academic and social stress. Mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia, can emerge for the first time during the college years.
Some experts worry that without a serious commitment to collegiate mental health, many students will face serious long-term harm.
“If we do nothing,” said USF psychology professor Jonathan Rottenberg, “we’re going to have something of a lost generation.”
The Times reported that potential new mental health counselors could be on their way. Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton could get potentially 13 new staffers.
Internist Dr. John Sortino said a few years ago a good friend’s mother died and he watched his pal fall into a deep clinical depression.
He would invite him to his Boca Raton practice to keep an eye him, watching as he sobbed for eight hours straight.
“I’ve never seen a grown man cry that long,” Sortino said.
The $11 billion anti-depressant industry didn’t help Sortino’s friend. He just got worse taking pills before reading about how the anesthesia-turned-party drug ketamine had shown promise as an off-label medication for severe depression.
After some hesitation, Sortino ordered the shot and administered it to his friend. His friend’s suicide ideation immediately ceased.
Now Sortino is bringing this alternate cure to South Florida. He says his new depression center, Kismet Clinic in Boca Raton, was the first to offer the treatment in Palm Beach County and is one of two establishments offering ketamine currently.
Typical drugs for depression take months to work.
“The discovery of ketamine’s ability to effectively treat depression represents the most significant leap in mental health advancements in more than 50 years,” Dr. Sortino states.
Ketamine was used for medical and veterinarian surgery to put patients to sleep before surgery. Then the club scene got a hold of it, dubbed it Special-K. Users would enter a hallucinogenic “K-Hole” similar to a catatonic state.
And while the use of ketamine for mental illness has its detractors, Sortino has administered more than 300 treatments, seeing varying success in all of them — sometimes within minutes of taking the drug.
“Honestly, it was unlike anything I had ever seen when I first saw its effects four years ago,” Dr. Dawn Ionescu, a staff psychiatrist at Massachusetts General Hospital, told Time earlier this year.
“We were seeing patients who were depressed for years and tried many different medications, sometimes even electroconvulsive therapy, and nothing worked. But a single infusion improved their depression within hours.”
The Kismet Clinic does have a celebrity once removed saying ketamine worked for him. Michael Lohan, father of Lindsay Lohan and a Delray Beach resident. is a patient.
“The treatment was unlike anything I’ve ever experienced before,” Lohan said. “During the procedure, it felt like the layers of anxiety and pain were being pulled out of me.
While critics say ketamine’s use on depression is usually short lasting, Lohan said he has used the treatment along with meditation to maintain most of the benefit of the drug treatment.
Sortino told the Post that ketamine affects neurotransmitters in the brain gamma and glutamate, as opposed to popular SSRI medications that target the neurotransmitter serotonin or others that work on norepinephrine or dopamine.
Drug companies are working hard to make a byproduct of ketamine, the doctor said. But for now, Special-K for depression remains something new.
“It is a novel approach to depression. It is not mainstream medicine yet,” he said.
UPDATE 12:46 p.m. A half-century ago, the office of the U.S. Surgeon General – the country’s top doctor – issued a report on tobacco that started a cultural shift in a Mad Men-era America where cigarettes were ubiquitous to one today where they are shunned and forever connected to lung cancer.
Now that office under U.S. Surgeon Vice Admiral Dr. Vivek H. Murthy hopes to inspire a similar sea change with its first ever report on addiction. It aims to remove the public stigma of the disease by defining once and for all as a neurological brain disorder that needs to be treated as any other chronic condition.
“My hope with this report is that it will galvanize our country to address the addiction crisis,” Murthy said in a press availability today.
Much of his findings have been accepted in the recovery community for years, even decades. But Murthy wants the public to understand that addiction is a disease, not one of simple self-control.
Murthy said he aims to change the way America views addiction. “I’m calling out country to action,” he said. “I’m calling for a cultural shift in how we think about addiction, that we recognize that it is not a moral failing.”
He said, in fact, addiction is neurological disorder of the brain and “is not a disease of choice.”
The report states the pressing need for an overhaul in the way the country thinks about addiction, stating that almost 22.5 million people reported using an illegal drug in the last year, 20 million have substance abuse issues and 12.5 million abuse prescription pain pills.
Every day, 78 people die in the U.S. from heroin or heroin-related drugs.
Among other findings is that only 10 percent of those now addicted receive treatment and that the economic impact of drug and alcohol misuse and addiction amounts to $442 billion each year.
One in seven Americans will struggle with some type of alcohol or drug addiction, the report states.
What is needed is a multi-pronged approach of medication, counseling and social support, along with evidence-based interventions to prevent addiction in the first place, according to the report.
Murtha will talk about addiction with other experts at an event later today in Los Angeles.
Without being implicit, the report offers an alternative to incarceration for those suffering from addiction and hails a system of recovery support services – or RSS – to keep recovered addicts from relapsing. The most-well known RSS, the report points out, is Alcoholics Anonymous but there are many resources.
The report also endorses needle-exchange programs and other solutions, including medication to wean addicts off of heroin.
For those on the front-lines battling addiction in Palm Beach County, the report was like the bugle call of the cavalry arriving.
James N. Hall, an epidemiologist at Nova Southeastern University, has been watching heroin’s march through the community for five years.
“This is a landmark report from the Surgeon General of the United States,” he said. “It is an open call for key policy shifts making this a No. 1 public health issue rather than a moral or criminal issue.”
He called on political leaders to “tackle this age-old problem that is more dangerous, more addictive and more deadly in 2016 than any other time in our lives.”
Dr. Anthony Campo is the Medical Director at Caron Renaissance and Ocean Drive. He said the report was “ground-breaking” and “long overdue.”
He thinks the de-stigmatizing of addiction and making treatment more available will go a long way in dealing with the crisis.
“When you look at the figures, overdoses takes a life every 19 minutes,” Campo said. “Criminalizing substance abuse disorders didn’t work. It has to be treatment.”
How Murthy’s report — particularly his call to “invest more” in treatment and prevention – goes over with President-Elect Donald Trump is unknown.
“How we respond to this crisis is a moral test for America,” Murthy said. “Are we a nation willing to take on an epidemic that is causing great human suffering and economic loss? Are we able to live up to that most fundamental obligation we have as human beings: to care for one another?”