Our fast-food nation is taking a toll on our children.
Type 2 diabetes was once considered a disease mostly confined to the adult population, but the CDC says it is now firmly established in the teen and tween populations in the United States.
The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention says in New England Journal of Medicine the increase in type 2 diabetes corresponds with the increase in childhood obesity, which has tripled since the 1970s.
The study, funded by the CDC and the National Institutes of Health, found that type 2 diagnosed cases increased by 4.8 percent between from 2002 to 2012.
Type 1 diabetes is the most common form of the disease in youngsters where the pancreas produces no or too little insulin, a hormone that allows sugar to enter cells to produce energy.
Type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes. It is characterized by high blood sugar and insulin resistance and is thought to be brought on a combination of lifestyle and genetic factors. Extra body fat makes it hard for cells to use insulin.
Those who have diabetes often have to take insulin shots to regulate their blood sugar. The disease also costs an average of $13,700 per year.
In 2012, The American Diabetes Association estimated the total costs of diagnosed diabetes was $245 — a 41 percent increase over a five-year period.
This figure represented a 41 percent increase over a five-year period.
To read more about the latest report, click here to read a Los Angeles Times report that delved into all the study’s findings.